MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis - Morphological Profiles Analysis

Performs morphological profiles analysis on an input image channel.

Detailed description

This algorithm is derived from the following publication:

Martino Pesaresi and Jon Alti Benediktsson, Member, IEEE: A new approach for the morphological segmentation of high resolution satellite imagery. IEEE Transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, vol. 39, NO. 2, February 2001, p. 309-320.

Depending of the profile selection, the application provides:

- The multi scale geodesic morphological opening or closing profile of the input image.
- The multi scale derivative of the opening or closing profile.
- The parameter (called characteristic) of the maximum derivative value of the multi scale closing or opening profile for which this maxima occurs.
- The labeled classification of the input image.

The behavior of the classification is :

Given x_1 and x_2 two membership values, L_1, L_2 two labels associated, and \sigma a tolerance value, the following decision rule is applied:

L = \begin{cases}  L_{1} & : x_{1}>x_{2} \quad and \quad x_{1}>\sigma \\ L_{2} & : x_{2}>x_{1} \quad and \quad x_{2}>\sigma \\ 0   & : otherwise. \end{cases}

The output image can be :- A N multi band image for the opening/closing normal or derivative profiles. - A mono band image for the opening/closing characteristics. - A labeled image for the classification.


This section describes in details the parameters available for this application. Table [1] presents a summary of these parameters and the parameters keys to be used in command-line and programming languages. Application key is MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis .

[1]Table: Parameters table for Morphological Profiles Analysis.
Parameter Key Parameter Name Parameter Type
in Input Image Input image
out Output Image Output image
channel Selected Channel Int
ram Available RAM (Mb) Int
structype Structuring Element Type Choices
structype ball Ball Choice
structype cross Cross Choice
size Profile Size Int
radius Initial radius Int
step Radius step. Int
profile Profile Choices
profile opening opening Choice
profile closing closing Choice
profile derivativeopening derivativeopening Choice
profile derivativeclosing derivativeclosing Choice
profile openingcharacteristics openingcharacteristics Choice
profile closingcharacteristics closingcharacteristics Choice
profile classification classification Choice
profile.classification.sigma Sigma value for leveling tolerance Float
inxml Load otb application from xml file XML input parameters file
outxml Save otb application to xml file XML output parameters file

Input Image: The input image.

Output Image: The output image.

Selected Channel: The selected channel index for input image.

Available RAM (Mb): Available memory for processing (in MB).

Structuring Element Type: Choice of the structuring element type. Available choices are:

  • Ball
  • Cross

Profile Size: Size of the profiles.

Initial radius: Initial radius of the structuring element (in pixels).

Radius step.: Radius step along the profile (in pixels).

Profile Available choices are:

  • opening
  • closing
  • derivativeopening
  • derivativeclosing
  • openingcharacteristics
  • closingcharacteristics
  • classification
  • Sigma value for leveling tolerance: Sigma value for leveling tolerance.

Load otb application from xml file: Load otb application from xml file.

Save otb application to xml file: Save otb application to xml file.


To run this example in command-line, use the following:

otbcli_MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis -in ROI_IKO_PAN_LesHalles.tif -channel 1 -structype ball -profile classification -size 5 -radius 1 -step 1 -profile.classification.sigma 1 -out output.tif

To run this example from Python, use the following code snippet:


# Import the otb applications package
import otbApplication

# The following line creates an instance of the MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis application
MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis = otbApplication.Registry.CreateApplication("MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis")

# The following lines set all the application parameters:
MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterString("in", "ROI_IKO_PAN_LesHalles.tif")

MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterInt("channel", 1)



MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterInt("size", 5)

MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterInt("radius", 1)

MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterInt("step", 1)

MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterFloat("profile.classification.sigma", 1)

MorphologicalProfilesAnalysis.SetParameterString("out", "output.tif")

# The following line execute the application


Generation of the morphological profile is not streamable, pay attention to this fact when setting the radius initial size and step of the structuring element.


This application has been written by OTB-Team.

See Also

These additional resources can be useful for further information:
otbMorphologicalOpeningProfileFilter, otbMorphologicalClosingProfileFilter, otbProfileToProfileDerivativeFilter, otbProfileDerivativeToMultiScaleCharacteristicsFilter, otbMultiScaleConvexOrConcaveClassificationFilter, classes